Appendices

Vocabulary

H

tooth (teeth)

はが いたい

have a toothache

はち

eight

はい

yes

はい (-はい)

counter for glasses or cups

はい、どうぞ

yes, please / here it is

ハイヒール

high heels

はいけん します

humble form of mimasu

はいります/はいる

to go in, to enter / be in, be included / join / take a bath

はいしゃ

dentist

はいたつ (します)

(to) delivery

はじまります/はじまる

to start, begin (vi.)

はじめ

first, at first, the beginning of

はじめまして

How do you do?

はじめます (stem + はじめます)

(fp) to start to do, begin to do

はじめます/はじめる

to start, begin (vt.)

はかります/はかる

to measure, to weigh

はきます/はく

to put on (shoes, pants)

はっけん (します)

(to) discover, find

はこびます/はこぶ

to carry, convey

はこね

place name

はん

half

はな

flower

はなび

fireworks

はなし

a talk, topic, story

はなします/はなす

to talk, speak

はんばいき

vending machine

はねだ

place name (Haneda airport)

はっぴょう (します)

(to) announce, publish

はらいます/はらう

to pay

はらじゅく

place name

はれます/はれる

to clear up (weather)

はります/はる

to paste, stick, put on

はる

spring

はさみ

scissors

はし

bridge

はし

chopsticks

はしります/はしる

to run

はつばい (します)

(to) release, put on the market

はつめい (します)

(to) invent

ハワイ

Hawaii

はやい

early, soon, fast, quick (adjective)

はやく

early, soon, fast, quickly (adverb)

はやります/はやる

to become popular, be in fashion / to be going around, be prevalent

はず (-はずです)

(fp) expressing supposition, should be, be expected

へえ

really?, Wow, well...

へいじつ

weekday

へん

strange, odd

へん

part, around

へんじ (します)

(to) reply, answer

へんじが きます

I get a replay

へんこう (します)

(to) change, modify

へります/へる

to decrease

へや

room

day, date

fire

ひびやせん

Hibiya line

ひだり

left

ひがい

damage, harm

ひがし

East

ひきます/ひく

to pull, draw

ひきます (かぜを ひきます)

to catch a cold

ひきます (ピアノを ひきます)

to play (piano, guitar, etc)

ひっこし

a move (house, office), house-moving

ひっこします/ひっこす

to move (house, office)

ひこうき

airplane, aircraft, flight

ひくい

low

ひま

not busy, free

ひまな とき

in (my) spare time

ひも

string, cord, rope

ひにち

date, day

ひんしつ

quality (of goods)

ひらがな

Hiragana characters

ひらきます/ひらく

to open, hold (event)

ひろげます/ひろげる

to spread, expand, enlarge, widen

ひろい

wide, spacious, broad

ひろお

place name

ひろしま

place name

ひる

noon, daytime

ひるごはん

lunch

ひと

person, people

ひとり

one person

ひとりで

alone, by oneself

ひとつ

one

ひつよう

need, necessary

ひやします/ひやす

to cool, chill

ほえます/ほえる

to bark

ほか

other, another, else

ほっかいどう

place name

ほめます/ほめる

to praise (somebody)

ほん

book

ほん (-ほん)

counter for cylindrical objects

ほんだな

bookshelf

ほね

bone

ほねが おれる

break one's bone (arm, leg)

ホンコン

Hong Kong

ほんもの

genuine, real, natural, authentic

ほんしゃ

head office, headquarter

ほんとう

real, true, actual

ほんとうに

really, truly, actually

ほんや

bookstore

ほんやく (します)

(to) translation

ほう (-の ほうが)

(fp) comparative pattern

ほう (-た ほうが いい)

(fp) expressing advice or suggestion; should do, had better do

ほう (-ない ほうが いい)

(fp) expressing advice or suggestion; should not do

ほうちょう

kitchen knife

ほうりゅうじ

name of a temple

ほうせき

jewelry

ほしい

want (something)

ほしい (-て ほしい)

(fp) I want someone to do, I hope that

ほしょうにん

a guarantor

ほそい

thin, narrow, slim (cylindrical object)

ホテル

hotel

ほとんど

almost, most, mostly

ほぞん (します)

(to) preserve, save (data)

ひゃく

hundred

ひゃくじゅうきゅう-ばん (119ばん)

telephone number of a fire station

ひゃうくとうばん (110ばん)

telephone number of the police

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