Japanese Verbs for Intermediate learners

akiramemasu / akirameru
to give up諦める

masu Form

affirmativeakiramemasu
negativeakiramemasen
past affirmativeakiramemashita
past negativeakiramemasendeshita

Plain Form

root formakirameru
nai formakiramenai
ta formakirameta
nakatta formakiramenakatta

Other Forms

te formakiramete
ba formakiramereba
potentialakiramerareru
imperativeakiramero
volitionalakirameyoo
passiveakiramerareru
causativeakiramesaseru
caus. passive1akiramesaserareru
caus. passive2-

[vt] = Transitive verb / [vi] = Intransitive verb / G1, G2, G3 = Group 1, 2, 3

ba form = conditional form / caus.passsive1 = causative passive long form / caus.passsive2 = causative passive short form

Basic structures

[ subject ] wa [ something ] o akirameru

Example sentences

1. A-sha wa sono keikaku o akirameta.

A-sha company A, keikaku plan, project

2. Senkyo de makete, Shushoo wa zoozei o akirameta yoo da.

senkyo election, -de particle indicating situation, scene, field, group, etc.,
makete te form of makemasu; lose (game, election, betting), be defeated,
shushoo Prime Minister, zoozei raise taxes, increase taxes, -yoo da it seems, it looks

3. Kyuuryoo ga sagatta node, watashi wa ie o kau no o akirameta.

kyuuryoo salary, pay, wages, sagatta ta form of sagarimasu; go down, fall, drop, -node because, therefore, so,
ie house, kau to buy, purchase, -no forming a noun phrase; doing, to do, that...

4. Kyoo Fujisan ni noboru tsumori datta ga, asa kara ooame da.
Kyoo (noboru no) wa akirameyoo.

Fujisan Mt. Fuji, noboru to climb, -tsumori plan to do, intend to do, -ga a conjunction meaning "but",
asa morning, ooame heavy rain, downpour, -no forming a noun phrase; doing, to do, that...,
akirameyoo volitional form of akirameru

5. Kanojo ni furareta. Demo, kanojo o akiramerarenai.

kanojo girlfriend , (boyfriend/girlfriend) ni furareru he/she leaves one, be jilted,
akiramerarenai potential nai form of akirameru

6. Nando shippai shitemo, zettai akiramenai.

nando ... -temo no matter how many times, shippai [sv] failure, zettai absolutely, never

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

akirameta yoo da
plain form + yoo desu:It seems, It looks

Level 3 Chapter 8

kyuuryoo ga sagatta node
plain form + node:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore

Level 2 Chapter 3

ie o kau no / noboru no
-koto, -no:Noun Modifier

Level 2 Chapter 13

noboru tsumori datta
verb root form + tsumori:I plan to do

Level 2 Chapter 2

shippai shitemo
te form + mo, (-temo):even if, even

Level 2 Chapter 8

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