Nihongo - First Step

Step 6


わたし   あした   きょうと   いきます

(わたしは) あした きょうとに いきます。

I will go to Kyoto tomorrow.

スーザンさん   せんしゅう   にほん   いきました

スーザンさんは せんしゅう にほんに いきました。

Susan went to Japan last week.

Grammar Notes

Ashita means "tomorrow". Senshuu means "last week".

Ikimasu is a verb meaning "go".
Ikimashita is the past tense of ikimasu.

Ni is a particle. This particle is basically used to indicate an indirect object.
Put simply, here, the particle ni indicates the direction of going.
The word followed by ni is the destination.

The word order is [subject] wa [time] [destination] ni ikimasu.
When the subject is "I" or "You", it is normally omitted.

The Japanese verb comes at the end of the sentence and conjugates to show the present or the past tense as well as the affirmative and the negative.
See the table below.

  Affirmative Negative
non-past いきます いきません
Past いきました いきませんでした

Practice 1

Let's practice the following words.


せんしゅうlast week  
こんしゅうthis week  
らいしゅうnext week


かいしゃcompany, office

びょういんhospital, clinic

Practice 2

Let's make sentences and speak it.

(わたしは) あした きょうとに いきます。
 I will go to Kyoto tomorrow.

(わたしは) らいしゅう とうきょうに いきます
 I will go to Tokyo next week.

(わたしは) きょう がっこうに いきます。
 I'm going to (my) school today.

(わたしは) あした かいしゃに いきません。
 I'm not going to (my) office tomorrow.

たなかさんは きのう びょういんに いきました。
 Tanaka-san went to a clinic yesterday.

Let's ask your Japanese friend "Where are you going on Sunday?"

Copyright (C)CosCom Language Service, Inc.All Rights Reserved.