First step to learning Japanese

Step 9

Let's learn how to say "I like".
"To like something" is suki. This word is used in the following structure.

Watashi wa   kudamono ga   suki desu

Watashi wa kudamono ga suki desu

I like fruit.

Grammar Notes

Kudamono means "fruit".

Suki means "to like something" and expresses one's permanent taste.
Unlike English, this is not a verb, but an adjective, and the negative form is suki janai desu.
In Japanese language, there are two types of adjectives, but we will not talk about adjectives here.

Ga is a particle.
This particle has several rolls like the particle wa.
Here, ga is used to indicate the object "fruit" of suki.

Practice 1

Let's practice the following words.


kudamonofruit

ringoapple

sakkaafootball, soccer

yakyuubaseball

inudog

nekocat

Practice 2

Let's make sentences and speak it.


Watashi wa kudamono ga suki desu.
 I like fruit.

Watashi wa ringo ga suki janai desu.
 I don't like apples.

Watashi wa sakkaa ga suki desu.
 I like football.

Watashi wa yakyuu ga suki janai desu.
 I don't like baseball.

Watashi wa inu ga suki desu.
 I like dogs.

Watashi wa neko ga suki janai desu.
 I don't like cats.

Tanaka-san wa inu ga suki desu ka?
 Do you like dogs? (as asking Tanaka)

Yamada-san wa neko ga suki desu ka?
 Do you like cats? (as asking Yamada)

Exercises - Make the sentences

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