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ショートクイズ

しょきゅう こうはん & ちゅうきゅう

2019/March/09

かじ

 
 
washing housework cleaning
cleaning cooking
cooking washing
tableware vacuum cleaner cooking
to take charge of to put away to share
 

かじ

そうじ

せんたく

りょうり

かたづける

1

housework

[sv] cleaning (room, garden, etc.)

[sv] washing (clothes), laundry

[sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine

to clear, put away, put back, put in order

('kaji_housework.mp3')

('sooji.mp3')

('sentaku.mp3')

('ryoori.mp3')

('katazukeru.mp3')

2

1

2

3

2

Example sentences

1. さいきん、にほんの おとこも かじを する ように なりました。
でも、まだまだ(かじを する おとこより、)かじを しない おとこの ほうが
おおいです。

さいきん recently, lately, these days, おとこ man, -も also, too
かじ housework, -ように なります expressing a change of state or condition; come to do, become
でも however, but, まだまだ still, しない nai form of shimasu
[A]より、[B]の ほうが comparative pattern; [B] is more/less than [A], おおい many, a lot

2. しゅじんが かじを てつだって くれるから、(わたしは)たすかります。

しゅじん (speaker's) husband, てつだって te form of tetsudaimasu; help, assist
-て くれる someone does something for me, -から because, therefore, so
たすかります to be saved, be rescued / be helpful

3. そうじきで へやを そうじ します。

そうじき vacuum cleaner, -き machine, appliance, instrument, -で means or method marker; by, with
へや room, そうじ [sv] clean (room, garden, etc.)

4. ほうきで にわを そうじ します。

ほうき broom, -で means or method marker; by, with
にわ garden, yard

5. おきゃくさんが くるから、へやを そうじ して・・・、
トイレも そうじ しよう。

おきゃくさん customer, client, guest, visitor, くる root form of kimasu; come, -から because, therefore, so
へや room, して te form of shimasu, トイレ toilet, bathroom, -も also, too
しよう volitional form of shimasu; let's do

6. つくえの うえを かたづけます。

つくえ desk, -の うえ on, top
かたづけます to clear, put away, put back, put in order

The following audio is available to members

7. しょくじの あとで、しょっきを かたづけます。

しょくじ [sv] meal, -の あとで after
しょっき tableware, the dishes

8. へやが ちらかって いる。
ふくを かたづけて、こどもの おもちゃを かたづけて・・・
ついでに(そうじきで へやを)そうじ しよう。

へや room, ちらかって いる be scattered, be littered with, be in a mess, be in disorder
ちらかって te form of chirakarimasu, -て いる expressing progressive or state
ふく clothes, suit, dress, こども child, children, おもちゃ toy
かたづけて te form of katazukemasu; clear, put away, put back, put in order
ついでに on this opportunity, this occasion, incidentally
そうじき vacuum cleaner, -で means or method marker; by, with
しよう volitional form of shimasu; let's do

chirakatte iru can be used in the following structures;
a. [place] ga chirakatte iru
b. [place] ga [something] de chirakatte iru
c. [place] ni [something] ga chirakatte iru
(B) and (C) are the same meaning.

9. へいじつは かえりが おそいから、どようび そうじと せんたくを します。

へいじつ weekday, かえりが おそい be late home back, be late in coming back (set phrase)
かえり coming back, going home, the return (comes from kaerimasu "return")
おそい late, -から because, therefore, so, どようび Saturday, せんたく [sv] washing (clothes), laundry

10. せんたくものが たまったから、せんたくを したいけど、
せんたくきが こわれた。

せんたくもの laundry, washing (clothes to wash), もの thing
せんたく ものが たまります have a lot of laundry piling up
たまった ta form of tamarimasu; be accumulated, be piled up, -から from
したい want to do, -たいです (stem +) want to do, would like to do, -けど but
せんたくき washing machine (normally pronounced as Sentakki), -き machine, appliance, instrument
こわれた ta form of kowaremasu; break

11. わたしは りょうりは すきだけど、そうじと せんたくは きらいです。

りょうり [sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine, すき [na] like
root form of desu, -けど but

12. かぞくで かじを ぶんたん する ことに しました。
わたしは りょうりの たんとう。
しゅじんは そうじの たんとう。
せんたくは むすめの たんとうです。

かぞく family, -で means or method marker; by, with
かじ housework, ぶんたん [sv] share, divide (expenses, work)
-ことに します expressing a decision made by a subject; (we) decided that
たんとう [sv] be in charge, be involved, be responsible, しゅじん husband, むすめ daughter

tantoo can be used in the following structures;
1a. [person] wa [work] o tantoo shimasu
1b. [work] wa [person] ga tantoo shimasu

2a. [person] wa [work] no tantoo desu
2b. [work] wa [person] no tantoo desu

Quizzes

A. Choose the appropriate word.

a.かじ b.そうじ します c.せんたく d.かたづけます e.りょうり

1.
しょくじの あとで、しょっきを

かたづけます

2.
おふろと トイレを

そうじ します

3.
しゅじんは

りょうり

が じょうずです。よく カレーを つくります。
4.
かぞくで

かじ

を ぶんたん します。
5.
ようふくを

せんたく

します。

しょくじ [sv] meal, -の あとで after, しょっき tableware, the dishes
おふろ bath, bath room, トイレ toilet, bathroom
しゅじん (speaker's) husband, じょうず [na] be good at, skillful
よく often, frequently, カレー curry, curry rice, つくります to make, cook
かぞく family, ぶんたん [sv] share, divide (expenses, work)
ようふく clothes, suit, dress (literally means "Western clothes")

B. Complete the following dialogue.

1. A : しゅうまつ なにを しましたか。
B :

せんたくもの

たまって

いたから、せんたくを しました。
せんたくき せんたくもの たまった たまって

しゅうまつ weekend, せんたく [sv] washing (clothes), laundry
せんたくき washing machine, せんたくもの laundry, washing (clothes to wash)
たまって ta form of tamarimasu; be accumulated, be piled up
-て いた ta form of -te imasu; expressing progressive or state, -から because, therefore, so

2. A : ごしゅじんは かじを てつだって くれますか。
B :
ええ。わたしは りょうりと せんたく。

そうじ

は しゅじんの

たんとう

です。
A :
いいですね。うちの しゅじんは ぜんぜん

かじ

を しないんです。
ぶんたん たんとう そうじ かじ

ごしゅじん your husband, somebody else's husband, しゅじん (speaker's) husband, かじ housework
てつだって te form of tetsudaimasu; help, -て くれます someone does something for me/you
ぶんたん [sv] share, divide (expenses, work), たんとう [sv] be in charge, be involved, be responsible
りょうり [sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine, せんたく [sv] washing (clothes), laundry
そうじ [sv] cleaning (room, garden, etc.), いいですね that's nice, sounds good
うちの しゅじん my husband, うち house, home / our side (group, company, family, etc.)
ぜんぜん (+ negative) not at all, never, しない nai form of shimasu
-んです expressing emotional emphasis (here, showing regret)

Practice the following words

Audio 1.かじhousework
Audio 2.そうじ[sv] cleaning (room, garden, etc.)
Audio 3.そうじきvacuum cleaner
Audio 4.せんたく[sv] washing (clothes), laundry
Audio 5.せんたくき/せんたっきwashing machine
Audio 6.せんたくもの

laundry, washing (clothes to wash)

Audio 7.りょうり[sv] cooking, food, dish, cuisine
Audio 8.かたづけます/かたづける

to clear, put away, put back, put in order

Audio 9.さいきんrecently, lately, these days
Audio 10.おとこman
Audio 11.まだまだstill
Audio 12.おおいmany, a lot
Audio 13.しゅじん(speaker's) husband
Audio 14.ごしゅじんsomebody else's husband
Audio 15.てつだいます/てつだうto help, assist
Audio 16.たすかります/たすかる

to be saved, be rescued / to be helpful

Audio 17.へやroom
Audio 18.にわgarden, yard
Audio 19.ほうきbroom
Audio 20.トイレtoilet, bathroom
Audio 21.おきゃくさんcustomer, client, guest, visitor
Audio 22.きます/くるto come
Audio 23.つくえdesk
Audio 24.うえon, top
Audio 25.しょくじ[sv] meal, have a meal
Audio 26.しょっきtableware, the dishes
Audio 27.ふくclothes, suit, dress
Audio 28.ようふくclothes, suit, dress, (Western clothes)
Audio 29.こどもchild, children
Audio 30.おもちゃtoy
Audio 31.ちらかります/ちらかる

to be scattered, be littered with, be in a mess, be in disorder

Audio 32.ついでに

on this opportunity, this occasion, incidentally

Audio 33.へいじつweekday
Audio 34.かえりが おそい

be late home back, be late in coming back (set phrase)

Audio 35.かえりthe return, coming back
Audio 36.かえります/かえるto return, go back, go home
Audio 37.おそいslow / late
Audio 38.どようびSaturday
Audio 39.たまります/たまるto be accumulated, be piled up
Audio 40.こわれます/こわれるto break
Audio 41.すき[na] like
Audio 42.きらい[na] dislike
Audio 43.かぞくfamily
Audio 44.ぶんたん[sv] share, divide (expenses, work)
Audio 45.たんとう

[sv] be in charge, be involved, be responsible

Audio 46.むすめdaughter
Audio 47.おふろ/ふろbath, bath room
Audio 48.じょうず[na] be good at, skillful
Audio 49.よくoften, frequently
Audio 50.カレーcurry, curry rice
Audio 51.つくります/つくるto make, cook
Audio 52.しゅうまつweekend

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

Nihon no otoko mo kaji o suru yoo ni narimashita
yoo ni narimasu:expressing a change; come to do, become able to do

Level 3 Chapter 5

kaji o suru otoko yori, shinai otoko no hoo ga ooi desu
-yori, -no hoo ga:comparison - more than / less than

Level 1 Chapter 13

shujin ga kaji o tetsudatte kureru kara,
verb te form + -te kuremasu:someone does something for me with kindness

Level 2 Chapter 17

shujin ga kaji o tetsudatte kureru kara, / okyakusan ga kuru kara / heijitsu wa kaeri ga osoi kara /
sentaku-mono ga tamatta kara

plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

heya o sooji shite, toire mo sooji shiyoo / mazu omocha o katazukete
te form -te / -kute / -de:used as a conjunction "and"

Level 2 Chapter 6

heya o sooji shite, toire mo sooji shiyoo
-yoo, -oo:verb volitional form "Let's do"

Level 2 Chapter 18

shokuji no ato de
verb ta form + ato de:after doing, after something

Level 2 Chapter 10

sentaku o shi-tai kedo
verb stem + tai:want to do, would like to do

Level 1 Chapter 11

kazoku de kaji o buntan suru koto ni shimashita
verb root form + -koto ni shimasu:expressing a decision made by a subject

Level 3 Chapter 3

Kako mono (the past quizzes "things in the past")

2019/March/09kaji, sooji, sentaku, ryoori, katazukeru

2019/February/11harau, shiharai, genkin, kaado, ginkoo furikomi, daibiki

2019/January/26Ginza-sen, 3-bansen, hoomu, -iki / -yuki, kaisatsu

2019/January/05basu-noriba, basu-tei, nan-ban no basu, rosen-basu, kankoo-basu

2018/December/12kookuu-gaisha, kookuu-ken, unchin, yoyaku, chokkoo-bin, deru

2018/November/24iriguchi, genkan, kagi, yane, okujoo

2018/November/03seikatsu-hi, yachin, shoku-hi, denki-dai, kozukai

2018/October/13tochi, hirosa, jimen, chika, riku

2018/September/24heya, daidokoro, mado, kabe, kagu

2018/September/08hiyoo, keisan, gookei, dentaku, zenbu de

For your further study

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