Study Japanese Language through the News

Nihon no Dekigoto, Sekai no Dekigoto

Japan News, World News

Lower Intermediate

Juutaku ga Kaji 5-nin Shiboo

house is on fire 5 dead

2020/May/21

20-ka, Nara-ken de, juutaku ga kaji ni narimashita.

Shooboo-sha ga shutsudoo shimashita.
Hi wa 2-ji-kan-go ni kiemashita.

Kono kaji de 5-nin ga nakunarimashita.
Nakunatta no wa fuufu to kodomo 3-nin (8-sai, 6-sai, 2-sai) desu.

Keisatsu ni yoruto, Ikka-Shinjuu no kanoosei ga aru soo desu.

"Shinjuu" to wa "Dansei to Josei ga isshoni Jisatsu suru" koto desu.
"Ikka-Shinjuu" to wa "Ikka", sunawachi, "Oya to kodomo ga Jisatsu suru" koto desu.

Nihon wa Jisatsu ga ooi koto de yuumei desu.

Practice Each Sentence

Jutaku ga Kaji 5-nin Shiboo

juutaku house, residence, kaji a fire, go-nin 5 people, shiboo [sv] death, die (formal)

1. 20-ka, Nara-ken de, juutaku ga kaji ni narimashita.

hatsuka 20th. of the month, Nara-ken de in Nara prefecture, ken prefecture, -de place marker; in, at
juutaku house, residence, uchi house, home
kaji a fire (of building, forest, etc.), kaji ni narimasu (building) be on fire [set phrase]
-ni narimasu to become, come to

2. Shooboo-sha ga shutsudoo shimashita.

shooboo-sha fire engine, shooboo fire department, fire station, firefighter, -sha car
shutsudoo [sv] take the field, be sent out, dispatch

3. Hi wa 2-ji-kan-go ni kiemashita.

hi fire, flame, ni-jikan-go after2 hours, 2 hours later
hi ga kiemasu fire go out, kiemasu to go out, go off, disappear, vanish

4. Kono kaji de 5-nin ga nakunarimashita.

kaji de because of fire, in the fire, kaji a fire (of building, forest, etc.), -de means or method marker; by, with, in
go-nin 5 people, nakunarimasu to die, pass away (formal)

There are 3 common words meaning "to die"; shinimasu, nakunarimasu and shiboo (shimasu).
The most common word is shinimasu in daily conversation.
nakunarimasu and shiboo are formal words.
nakunarimasu is often used for a family member, friend, co-worker, well-known person and victims.
shiboo is normally used in news, reports and statistics.

The following audio is available to members

5. Nakunatta no wa fuufu to kodomo 3-nin (8-sai, 6-sai, 2-sai) desu.

nakunatta no wa the person who died, nakunatta ta form of nakunarimasu; die, pass away
-no representing an object which is clearly understood; "person" in this case
fuufu married couple, husband and wife, kodomo child, children, san-nin 3 people
haasai, roku-sai, ni-sai 8 years old, 6 years old, 2 years old

6. Keisatsu ni yoruto, Ikka-Shinjuu no kanoosei ga aru soo desu.

keisatsu police, -ni yoruto according to
ikka-shinjuu [sv] family suicide, ikka one family, shinjuu [sv] double suicide
kanoosei ga arimasu there is a possibility that, be likely to do, kanoosei likelihood, probability, possibility
aru root form of arimasu; there is, to have, -soo desu reported information; I heard, he/they said

7. "Shinjuu" to wa "Dansei to Josei ga isshoni Jisatsu suru" koto desu.

shinjuu [sv] double suicide, [A] to wa [B] no koto [A] means [B]
dansei man (formal), josei woman (formal), isshoni together
jisatsu [sv] suicide, kill oneself

8. "Ikka-Shinjuu" to wa "Ikka", sunawachi, "Oya to kodomo ga Jisatsu suru" koto desu.

ikka-shinjuu [sv] family suicide, [A] to wa [B] no koto [A] means [B]
ikka one family, sunawachi namely, that is (to say), in other words
oya parent(s), father / mother, kodomo child, children, jisatsu [sv] suicide, kill oneself

9. Nihon wa Jisatsu ga ooi koto de yuumei desu.

jisatsu [sv] suicide, kill oneself, -ga ooi there are many, has many
-koto de yuumei be famous for, be well-known for, yuumei [na] famous, well-known

Practice the following words

Audio 1.juutakuhouse, residence
Audio 2.uchihouse, home
Audio 3.kajia fire (of building, forest, etc.)
Audio 4.hifire, flame
Audio 5.kemurismoke
Audio 6.narimasu / naruto become, come to, it will be
Audio 7.shooboo-shafire engine
Audio 8.shooboofire department, fire station, firefighter
Audio 9.shutsudoo[sv] take the field, be sent out, dispatch
Audio 10.kiemasu / kieruto go out, go off, be put out, disappear
Audio 11.shiboo[sv] death, die (formal)
Audio 12.nakunarimasu / nakunaru

to die, pass away (formal)

Audio 13.shinimasu / shinu

to die (general)

Audio 14.fuufumarried couple, husband and wife
Audio 15.kodomochild, children
Audio 16.oyaparent(s), father / mother
Audio 17.keisatsupolice
Audio 18.ikkaone family
Audio 19.ikka-shinjuu[sv] family suicide
Audio 20.shinjuu[sv] double suicide
Audio 21.jisatsu[sv] suicide, kill oneself
Audio 22.kanooseilikelihood, probability, possibility
Audio 23.danseiman, male (formal)
Audio 24.joseiwoman, female (formal)
Audio 25.isshonitogether
Audio 26.sunawachi

namely, that is (to say), in other words

Audio 27.ooimany, a lot
Audio 28.yuumei[na] famous, well-known

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

kaji ni narimasu
-ku narimasu / -ni narimasu:become, come to

Level 2 Chapter 9

nakunatta no wa
-koto, -no:Noun Modifier; doing, to do, that

Level 2 Chapter 14

ikka-shinjuu no kanoosei ga aru
kanoosei ga aru, kanoosei ga takai:there is a possibility of / it's likely to

Common Expressions & Sentences patterns File No. 080a

ikka-shinjuu no kanoosei ga aru soo desu
plain form + soo desu:reported information; I heard, he/they said

Level 2 Chapter 11

jisatsu ga ooi koto de yuumei
... de yuumei / ... koto de yuumei:be famous for ...

Common Expressions & Sentences patterns File No. 082a

jisatsu ga ooi
... ga ooi / sukunai:There are many ..., has many ...

Common Expressions & Sentences patterns File No. 069a

For your further study

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