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Upper Basic level

Maru Kariforunia de Yama-Kaji - 25-man-nin Hinan 2018/November/10

wildfire in California - 250,000 people evacuate

9-ka (Nihon jikan), Beikoku no Kariforunia-shuu de dai-kibo na yama-kaji ga okimashita.
Kaji wa suu-kasho de okimashita.

Kono kaji de 25-nin ga nakunarimashita.
Soshite, yaku 25-man-nin ga hinan shimashita.
Hi wa mada kiete imasen.

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Practice Each Sentence

Kariforunia de Yama-Kaji - 25-man-nin Hinan

Kariforunia California, yama-kaji forest fire, wildfire, man ten thousand, hinan [sv] evacuate, escape

1. 9-ka (Nihon jikan), Beikoku no Kariforunia-shuu de dai-kibo na yama-kaji ga okimashita.

kokonoka 9th. of the month, Nihon jikan Japan time
Beikoku USA, Kariforunia California, shuu a state, province, county, -de place marker; in, at
dai-kibo [na] large scale, dai- big, large, serious, kibo scale, size
yama-kaji forest fire, wildfire (literally means "mountain fire")
yama mountain, kaji a fire (of building, forest, etc.), okimasu to happen, occur

2. Kaji wa suu-kasho de okimashita.

kaji a fire, suu-kasho several places, -de place marker; in, at, okimasu to happen, occur

3. Kono kaji de 25-nin ga nakunarimashita.

kaji a fire, -de cause marker; by, because of, from, due to
nijuu-go-nin 25 people, nakunarimasu to die, pass away (formal)

nakunarimasu is a formal word.
The most common word meaning "to die" is shinimasu.

4. Soshite, yaku 25-man-nin ga hinan shimashita.

soshite and, yaku approximately, about, nearly
nijuu-go-man-nin 250,000 people, man ten thousand, -nin counter for people
hinan [sv] evacuate, take shelter, escape

5. Hi wa mada kiete imasen.

hi fire, mada (in the positive statement) still / (in the negative statement) not yet
hi ga kiemasu fire go out, kiete te form of kiemasu; go out, go off, disappear, vanish
mada ... -te imasen it hasn't done yet, -te imasu expressing progressive or state

There are two words meaning "fire", Kaji and Hi.

Practice the following words

Audio 1.BeikokuUSA
Audio 2.KariforuniaCalifornia
Audio 3.shuua state, province, county
Audio 4.dai-kibo[na] large scale
Audio 5.kiboscale, size
Audio 6.yama-kajiforest fire, wildfire
Audio 7.yamamountain
Audio 8.kajia fire (of building, forest, etc.)
Audio 9.hifire
Audio 10.okimasuto happen, occur
Audio 11.suu-kashoseveral places
Audio 12.nakunarimasu / nakunaruto die, pass away (formal)
Audio 13.shinimasu / shinuto die (general)
Audio 14.soshiteand
Audio 15.yakuapproximately, about, nearly
Audio 16.hinan[sv] evacuate, take shelter, escape
Audio 17.madastill / not yet
Audio 18.kiemasu / kieruto go out, go off, disappear, vanish

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

hi wa mada kiete imasen
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

For your further study

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