Suru-Verbs

For Upper Beginners and Intermediate learners

2021/June/07

Enki(延期)
Noun

postponement, adjournment

Verb

to postpone, adjourn, put off, push back, delay

[person] wa [schedule] o enki suru

[schedule] wa enki sareru

[schedule] wa enki ni naru

Almost all of the Suru-Verbs can be followed by the particle "o"; ○○ suru / ○○ o suru

Example sentences

1. Watashi wa ryokoo o enki shimashita.

ryokoo [sv] travel, journey, go on a trip, enki [sv] postpone, adjourn, put off, push back, delay

2. Korona-uirusu no eikyoo de, ano futari wa kekkon-shiki o enki shimashita.

Korona-uirusu coronavirus (COVID-19), uirusu virus
[A] no eikyoo de due to [A], because of (the influence of) [A]
eikyoo [sv] influence, effect, affect, -de cause marker; by, because, due to
futari two persons / couple, kekkon-shiki wedding, wedding ceremony, wedding reception
kekkon [sv] marry, get married, shiki ceremony

"COVID-19" is Shingata Korona-uirusu. Korona-uirusu or just Korona is also used.
"COVID-19" is rarely used among ordinary people.

3. IOC wa Orinpikku o 1-nen enki shimashita.
a.Orinpikku wa 1-nen enki saremashita.
b.Orinpikku wa 1-nen enki ni narimashita.

IOC International Olympic Committee; "Kokusai Orinpikku I'inkai"
Orinpikku Olympic Games, ichi-nen (for) one year
enki saremasu be postponed, be put off, be delayed, saremasu passive form of shimasu; be done
enki ni narimasu be postponed, be put off, be delayed, -ni narimasu to become, come to

[A] and [B] have the same meaning.

4. A-sha wa shin-seihin no hatsubai o enki shita.
a:Shin-seihin no hatsubai wa enki sareta.
b:Shin-seihin no hatsubai wa enki ni natta.

A-sha (Ee-sha) Company A, shin- new (something), seihin products
shin-seihin new product, new model, hatsubai [sv] release, launch, be on sale
sareta passive ta form of shimasu, natta ta form of narimasu

[A] and [B] have the same meaning.

5. a:Kaigi wa 1-shuukan enki saremashita.
b:Kaigi wa raishuu ni enki saremashita.

kaigi conference, meeting, isshuukan (for) one week, raishuu next week
isshuukan enki saremasu be postponed for one week
raishuu ni enki saremasu be postponed to the next week

The following audio is available to members

6. Taifuu de roketto no uchiage wa asatte ni enki saremashita.

taifuu de because of a typhoon, due to a typhoon, -de cause marker; by, because, due to
roketto rocket, uchiage [n] launching, liftoff, asatte the day after tomorrow

7. Kono eiga wa kongetsu kookai sareru yotei deshita.
Demo, Korona no eikyoo de eiga-kan ga kyuugyoo shite iru node, kookai wa enki saremashita.

eiga movie, film, cinema, kongetsu this month, kookai sareru be released
kookai [sv] open to the public, release, sareru passive root form of shimasu; be done
-yotei desu plan to do, be scheduled to do, be expected
demo however, but, Korona no eikyoo de because of COVID-19, due to COVID-19
eiga-kan movie theater, cinema, kyuugyoo [sv] close, be closed (business or store, shop, restaurant)
-te iru expressing progressive or state, -node because

8. Do-yoobi tomodachi to baabekyuu o suru yotei datta kedo,
do-yoobi tsugoo ga waruku natta kara, enki shita.

do-yoobi Saturday, tomodachi to with friend, -to with (person)
baabekyuu barbecue, -yotei desu plan to do, be scheduled to do, be expected
datta ta form of desu, -kedo but
tsugoo ga waruku natta something came up, tsugoo convenience (of schedule), waruku ku form of warui; bad
tsugoo ga warui be inconvenient, not available, -ku narimasu to become, come to
-kara because

"be convenient, be available" is tsugoo ga ii.

9. A:Ame ga futtara, Hanabi-taikai wa chuushi desu ka?
B:Iie. Raishuu ni enki desu.

ame ga futtara If it rains, ame ga furu it will rain
ame rain, futta ta form of furu; fall (rain, snow), -tara if, when
hanabi-taikai fireworks festival, fireworks display
hanabi fireworks, taikai tournament, contest, convention, (big) event
chuushi [sv] cancel, stop, call off, raishuu next week
enki desu be postponed, be put off, be delayed

enki desu is also used as well as enki saremasu.

Practice the following words

Audio 1.enki

[sv] postpone, adjourn, put off, push back, delay

Audio 2.ryokoo[sv] travel, journey, go on a trip
Audio 3.Shingata Korona-uirusu

new coronavirus (COVID-19)

Audio 4.Korona-uirusu

coronavirus (COVID-19)

Audio 5.uirusuvirus
Audio 6.-no eikyoo dedue to, because of
Audio 7.eikyoo[sv] influence, effect, affect
Audio 8.kekkon-shikiwedding (ceremony, reception)
Audio 9.kekkon[sv] marry, get married
Audio 10.shikiceremony
Audio 11.IOC

International Olympic Committee

Audio 12.Kokusai Orinpikku I'inkai

International Olympic Committee

Audio 13.OrinpikkuOlympic Games
Audio 14.shin-seihinnew product, new model
Audio 15.seihinproducts, goods
Audio 16.hatsubai[sv] release, launch, be on sale
Audio 17.kaigiconference, meeting
Audio 18.raishuunext week
Audio 19.taifuutyphoon
Audio 20.rokettorocket
Audio 21.uchiage[n] launching, shooting, liftoff
Audio 22.asattethe day after tomorrow
Audio 23.eigamovie
Audio 24.eiga-kanmovie theater, cinema
Audio 25.kongetsuthis month
Audio 26.kookai[sv] open to the public, release
Audio 27.-yotei desu

plan to do, be scheduled to do, be expected

Audio 28.yotei[sv] schedule, plan
Audio 29.demohowever, but
Audio 30.kyuugyoo[sv] closing business, store
Audio 31.do-yoobiSaturday
Audio 32.tomodachifriend
Audio 33.baabekyuubarbecue
Audio 34.tsugoo ga warui

be inconvenient, not available

Audio 35.tsugoo ga ii

be convenient, available

Audio 36.tsugooconvenience (of schedule)
Audio 37.waruibad
Audio 38.iigood
Audio 39.amerain
Audio 40.furimasu / furuto fall (rain, snow)
Audio 41.hanabi-taikai

fireworks festival, fireworks display

Audio 42.hanabifireworks
Audio 43.taikai

tournament, contest, convention, (big) event

Audio 44.chuushi[sv] cancel, stop, call off

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

enki saremashita / kookai sareru yotei
verb passive form:passive form and structures

Level 3 Chapter 14

kookai sareru yotei deshita / baabekyuu o suru yotei datta
verb root form yotei desu:be sheduled to do, be expected to do, plan to do

Level 2 Chapter 2

enki ni narimashita / tsugoo ga waruku natta
-ku narimasu / -ni narimasu:become, come to

Level 2 Chapter 9

taifuu de / Korona-uirusu no eikyoo de
te form -te / -kute / -de:used as a conjunction "and" to indicate a reason or cause; because, due to

Level 2 Chapter 6

eiga-kan ga kyuugyoo shite iru
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

eiga-kan ga kyuugyoo shite iru node
plain form + node:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

tsugoo ga waruku natta kara
plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

ame ga futtara
ta form + -tara:if, when

Level 2 Chapter 8

For your further study

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