Words with Sentences

Expand your vocabulary

For Upper Beginners and Intermediate learners

2020/March/23

gaishutsu[sv] going out, be out

kinshi[sv] prohibit, forbid, ban

seigen[sv] restriction, limit, restraint

kinmu[sv] work, service, duty

kinmu-jikanworking hours

zaitaku-kinmutelework, working from home

Example sentences

1. Shingata Korona-uirusu ni kansen shinai yoo ni, narubeku gaishutsu shinai.

shingata korona-uirusu new coronavirus (COVID-19), shingata new model, new type, uirusu virus
kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease, -nai yoo ni expressing effort; try not to do
narubeku as ... as possible, as ... as one can, gaishutsu [sv] going out, be out
narubeku gaishutsu shinai literally means "I am trying not to go outside as much as possible"

2. Netsu ga aru hito wa gaishutsu shinaide kudasai.

netsu ga aru hito person who has a fever, netsu ga arimasu to have a fever (set phrase)
netsu heat / fever, aru root form of arimasu; there is, to have, hito person, people
-naide kudasai please do not do

3. Oogata no taifuu ga jooriku shita.
Kyoo wa gaishutsu shinai hoo ga ii.

oogata large size, large scale, taifuu typhoon, jooriku [sv] make landfall, hit (place)
kyoo today, -nai hoo ga ii giving an advice or a suggestion; you should not do, we had better not do

4. Shingata Korona-uirusu no kansen kakudai o fusegu tame ni,
seifu wa ibento o kinshi shita.

shingata korona-uirusu new coronavirus (COVID-19)
kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease
kakudai [sv] spread, expansion, increase, enlargement, escalation
fusegu root form of fusegimasu; prevent, defend, stop, -tame ni expressing a purpose; for, in order to do
seifu government, ibento event, kinshi [sv] prohibit, forbid, ban

5. Nyuuyooku de uirusu no kansen-sha ga kyuuzoo shite iru.
Shichoo wa fuyoo-fukyuu no gaishutsu o kinshi shita.

Nyuuyooku New York, -de place marker; in, at, uirusu virus, kansen-sha infected person
kyuuzoo [sv] sharp increase, rapid increase, -te iru root form of -te imasu; expressing progressive or state
shichoo mayor of a city, fuyoo-fukyuu unnecessary, nonessential

6. a.Nihon de kono kusuri wa kinshi sarete iru.
b.Nihon de kono kusuri wa kinshi desu.

Nihon de in Japan, kusuri medicine, drug
kinshi sarete iru be prohibited, be forbidden, be banned
sarete passive te form of shimasu, -te iru root form of -te imasu; expressing progressive or state

(a) and (b) have the same meaning.
[subject] wa [something] o kinshi suru (active / No.4 & 5)
[something] wa kinshi sareru (passive / No. 6)
[something] wa kinshi desu

7. (Bijutsu-kan de)
Satsuei wa kinshi desu.

bijutsu-kan art museum, bijutsu art, fine art, -de place marker; in, at
satsuei [sv] take a photo, make a film

The following audio is available to members

8. Koko wa chuusha-kinshi desu.

koko here, chuusha-kinshi No parking, chuusha [sv] parking

9. Shingata Korona-uirusu no eikyoo de, takusan no kuni ga gaikoku-jin no nyuukoku o seigen shite iru.

shingata korona-uirusu new coronavirus (COVID-19)
[A] no eikyoo de due to (the influence of) [A], because of (the influence of) [A]
eikyoo [sv] influence, effect, affect, -de cause marker; by, because of, from, due to
takusan no kuni many countries, takusan no many, a lot of, kuni country, nation, state
gaikoku-jin foreigner, non-native, gaikoku foreign country, nyuukoku [sv] entrance into country
seigen [sv] restriction, limit, restraint, -te iru root form of -te imasu; expressing progressive or state

10. Masuku ga fusoku shite iru.
Kono mise wa masuku no koonyuu o hitori hito-hako ni seigen shita.

masuku mask, fusoku [sv] shortage, lack, be not enough, be in short supply, -te iru expressing progressive or state
mise store, shop, koonyuu [sv] buy, purchase, hitori hito-hako one box per person
hitori one person, hito-hako one box, hako box

11. Kono dooro no seigen-sokudo wa jisoku 60-kiro desu.

dooro road, street, seigen-sokudo speed limit, regulation speed, sokudo speed
jisoku -kiro [speed] km per hour, km/h, -kiro kiro (km, kg, etc.)

12. Sushi no tabe-hoodai no mise ni itta.
Seigen-jikan wa 90-pun de, hitori 2,000-en desu.

Sushi Sushi, tabe-hoodai all-you-can-eat, tabemasu to eat
-hoodai (verb stem +) unlimited doing, you can do as much as you want
mise store, shop, restaurant, itta ta form of ikimasu; go
seigen-jikan time limit, kyuujuppun 90 minutes, -de a conjunction "and"
hitori 2,000-en 2,000 yen per person, hitori one person

13. Watashi no kinmu-jikan wa 9-ji kara 5-ji made desu.

kinmu-jikan working hours, ku-ji 9:00, go-ji 5:00
[A] kara [B] made from [A] to [B]

14. Shingata Korona-uirusu no kansen o fusegu tame ni,
takusan no kaisha ga zaitaku-kinmu ni natta.

shingata korona-uirusu new coronavirus (COVID-19), shingata new model, new type, uirusu virus
kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease
fusegu root form of fusegimasu; prevent, defend, stop, -tame ni expressing a purpose; for, in order to do, so that
takusan no kaisha many companies, a lot of companies, takusan no many, a lot of, kaisha company
zaitaku-kinmu telework, working from home, -ni narimasu to become, come to, it will be, natta ta form of narimasu

15. Ima, takusan no kaisha-in ga zaitaku-kinmu o shite iru node, densha wa suite imasu.

ima present, current, now, takusan no many, a lot of, kaisha-in employee, staff, worker, -in staff, member
-te iru root form of -te imasu; expressing progressive or state, -node because, therefore, so
densha train, suite imasu be not crowded, less crowded

Quizzes

A. Vocabulary

a.seigen b.kinmu-jikan c.kinshi d.gaishutsu e.zaitaku-kinmu

1.

kinshi

[sv] prohibit, forbid, ban
2.

zaitaku-kinmu

telework, working from home
3.

seigen

[sv] restriction, limit, restraint
4.

kinmu-jikan

working hours
5.

gaishutsu

[sv] going out, be out

B. Choose the appropriate word.

a.kinshi b.gaishutsu c.seigen d.zaitaku-kinmu

1.
Kono mise wa toiretto-peepaa no koonyuu o hitori 1-pakku ni

seigen

shita.
2.
A-koku wa gaikoku-jin no nyuukoku o

kinshi

shita.
3.

Zaitaku-kinmu

da kara, uchi de shigoto o suru.
4.
Netsu ga aru kara,

gaishutsu

shinai.

mise store, shop, restaurant, toiretto-peepaa toilet paper, toilet roll, koonyuu [sv] buy, purchase
hitori one person, hito-pakku / ichi-pakku one pack
A-koku (ee-koku) Country A, gaikoku-jin foreigner, nonnative, nyuukoku [sv] entrance into country
uchi de at home, shigoto [sv] work
netsu ga aru to have a fever, -kara because, therefore, so

Practice the following words

Audio 1.gaishutsu[sv] going out, be out
Audio 2.kinshi[sv] prohibit, forbid, ban
Audio 3.seigen[sv] restriction, limit, restraint
Audio 4.kinmu[sv] work, service, duty
Audio 5.kinmu-jikanworking hours
Audio 6.zaitaku-kinmutelework, working from home
Audio 7.Shingata Korona-uirusu

new coronavirus (COVID-19)

Audio 8.shingatanew model, new type
Audio 9.uirusuvirus
Audio 10.kansen[sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease
Audio 11.kansen-shainfected person
Audio 12.kakudai

[sv] spread, expansion, increase, enlargement, escalation

Audio 13.narubekuas ... as possible, as ... as one can
Audio 14.netsuheat / fever
Audio 15.arimasu / aruthere is, to have
Audio 16.oogatalarge size, large scale
Audio 17.taifuutyphoon
Audio 18.jooriku[sv] make landfall, hit (place)
Audio 19.kyootoday
Audio 20.fusegimasu / fusegu

to prevent, guard, protect

Audio 21.seifugovernment
Audio 22.ibentoevent
Audio 23.NyuuyookuNew York
Audio 24.kyuuzoo

[sv] sharp increase, rapid increase

Audio 25.shichoomayor of a city
Audio 26.fuyoo-fukyuuunnecessary, nonessential
Audio 27.kusurimedicine, drug
Audio 28.bijutsu-kanart museum
Audio 29.bijutsuart, fine art
Audio 30.satsuei[sv] take a photo, make a film
Audio 31.kokohere
Audio 32.chuusha-kinshiNo parking
Audio 33.chuusha[sv] parking
Audio 34.eikyoo[sv] influence, effect, affect
Audio 35.takusan nomany, a lot of
Audio 36.kunicountry, nation, state
Audio 37.kaishacompany
Audio 38.kaisha-inemployee, staff, worker
Audio 39.gaikoku-jinforeigner, non-native
Audio 40.gaikokuforeign country
Audio 41.nyuukoku[sv] entrance into country
Audio 42.masukumask
Audio 43.toiretto-peepaatoilet paper, toilet roll
Audio 44.fusoku

[sv] shortage, lack, be not enough, be short

Audio 45.misestore, shop, restaurant
Audio 46.koonyuu[sv] buy, purchase
Audio 47.hitorione person
Audio 48.doororoad, street
Audio 49.seigen-sokudo

speed limit, regulation speed

Audio 50.jisoku[speed] per hour
Audio 51.SushiSushi
Audio 52.tabe-hoodaiall-you-can-eat
Audio 53.tabemasu / taberuto eat
Audio 54.seigen-jikantime limit
Audio 55.jikantime, hour
Audio 56.imapresent, current, now
Audio 57.denshatrain
Audio 58.suite imasu / suite iru

to be not crowded, less crowded

Audio 59.narimasu / naru

to become, come to, it will be

Audio 60.uchihouse, home
Audio 61.shigoto[sv] work, job, business

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

kansen shinai yoo ni
-yoo ni:expressing a purpose; for, in order to do, so that

Level 3 Chapter 10

netsu ga aru hito
phrase + noun:Noun Modifier

Level 2 Chapter 13

gaishutsu shinaide kudasai
verb te form (-nai form) + -te kudasai (-naide kudasai):please do / please don't do

Level 2 Chapter 5

gaishutsu shinai hoo ga ii
verb nai form + -nai hoo ga ii:had better not do, should not do

Level 2 Chapter 12

kansen kakudai o fusegu tame ni
-tame ni:expressing a purpose; for, in order to do, so that

Level 3 Chapter 10

kansen-sha ga kyuuzoo shite iru / seigen shite iru / fusoku shite iru / zaitaku-kinmu o shite iru
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

kinshi sarete iru
verb passive form:passive form and structures

Level 3 Chapter 14

takusan no kaisha ga zaitaku-kinmu ni natta
-ku narimasu / -ni narimasu:become, come to

Level 2 Chapter 9

zaitaku-kinmu o shite iru node
plain form + node:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

zaitaku-kinmu o shite iru kara / netsu ga aru kara
plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

For your further study

Copyright (C)CosCom Language Service, Inc.All Rights Reserved.