Phrases & Expressions

Enrich your expression

For Upper Beginner and Intermediate learners

Pasokon ga ugokanai

My computer doesn't work.

The verb ugokimasu / ugoku means "to move", "to run" or "to drive".
See "Essential Japanese Verbs No.026".

This verb also have the meaning of "to work" with machinery.
Especially the negative [machinery] ga ugokanai is frequently used in daily conversation.

Example sentences

1. Are? Pasokon ga ugokanai.

are? Um..., Huh?, What?, pasokon personal computer

2. Are? Eakon ga ugokanai.
Aa..., Rimokon no denchi ga nai.

are? Um..., Huh?, What?, aa Ah!, Oh!, Hi, Yes
eakon air conditioner, rimokon remote-control
denchi ga nai the battery is dead, the battery ran out (expression)
denchi battery, nai nai form of arimasu; do not have, be not

3. Are? Soojiki ga ugokanai.
A! Konsento ga nuketeru (nukete iru).

are? Um..., Huh?, What?, A! Oh!, Oops!
soojiki vacuum cleaner, konsento wall outlet (Wasei-Eigo "Japanese-made English")
konsento ga nukete iru the cable is disconnected, the cable is plugged out
nukete te form of nukemasu; fall out, come out, -te iru expressing progressive or state

i in -te imasu / -te iru is often (almost always) omitted, and
it becomes -te masu / -te ru in daily conversation.

4. Denshi-renji ga ugokanai.
Kinoo wa ugoita noni.

denshi-renji microwave (oven), kinoo yesterday
ugoita ta form of ugokimasu, -noni expressing one's regret or disappointment; despite, in spite of, although

5. Sumaho ga ugokanai.
Sakki otoshita kara, kowareta no kamo shirenai.

sumaho smartphone, sakki some time ago, a little while ago
otoshita ta form of otoshimasu; drop, -kara because, therefore, so
kowareta ta form of kowaremasu; break, -(no) kamo shirenai expressing possibility; possibly, could be, probably, maybe

-no in -no kamo shirenai is added when the speaker brings up an issue, topic or question

6. Sentaku-ki ga ugokanaku natta.
Kore wa furui kara, kowareta mitai. Atarashii no o kaoo.

sentaku-ki / sentakki washing machine, ugokanaku made from the nai form ugokanai
-naku narimasu expressing a change; come not to do, become not able to do, natta ta form of narimasu; become, come to
furui old, -kara because, therefore, so, kowareta ta form of kowaremasu; break, -mitai it seems, it looks
atarashii no new one, atarashii new, -no representing an object which is clearly understood
kaoo volitional form of kaimasu; let's buy

Practice the following words

Audio 1.ugokimasuto move, run, drive, work
Audio 2.ugokuroot form of ugokimasu
Audio 3.ugokanainai form of ugokimasu
Audio 4.ugoitata form of ugokimasu
Audio 5.pasokonpersonal computer
Audio 6.eakonair conditioner
Audio 7.rimokonremote-control
Audio 8.denchibattery
Audio 9.nainai form of arimasu
Audio 10.arimasuto exist, be at, there is, have
Audio 11.soojikivacuum cleaner
Audio 12.konsentowall outlet
Audio 13.nukemasuto slip out, fall out, come out
Audio 15.denshi-renjimicrowave (oven)
Audio 16.kinooyesterday
Audio 17.sumahosmartphone
Audio 18.sakkisome time ago, a little while ago
Audio 19.otoshimasuto drop
Audio 20.kowaremasuto break, be damaged, be destroyed
Audio 21.sentaku-ki / sentakkiwashing machine
Audio 22.furuiold
Audio 23.atarashiinew
Audio 24.kaoovolitional form of kaimasu; let's buy
Audio 25.kaimasuto buy

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

konsento ga nukete (i)ru
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

kinoo wa ugoita noni
plain form + -no ni,:despite, in spite of, although

Level 3 Chapter 17

otoshita kara / furui kara
plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

ugokanaku natta
-naku narimasu:expressing a change; come not to do, become not able to do

Level 3 Chapter 5

kowareta mitai
mitai desu:It seems, it looks

Level 3 Chapter 4

atarashii no o kaoo
-yoo, -oo:verb volitional form "Let's do"

Level 2 Chapter 18

For your further study

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