Phrases & Expressions

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For Upper Beginner and Intermediate learners

2020/March/17

Futsuu dattara, Itsumo dattara

normally, usually

futsuu means "ordinary, normal(ly), usual(ly)" and itsumo means "always" or "usually"

Futsuu dattara and Itsumo dattara are almost the same meaning and interchangeable.

-dattara is a conditional pattern "-ta form + ra".
Futsuu dattara, Itsumo dattara literally mean "If it is normal, If it is usual".

Example sentences

1. (Yoru 8-ji goro resutoran ni itta)
a.Are? Futsuu dattara, 10-ji made aite iru noni, shimatte iru.
b.Are? Itsumo dattara, 10-ji made aite iru noni, shimatte iru.

yoru night, -goro around (time), resutoran restaurant, itta ta form of ikimasu; go
Are? Um..., Huh?, What?, 10-ji made aite iru be open until 10 (p.m.), -made till, until, to
aite iru to be open, be available, be vacant, aite te form of akimasu; open, become vacant
shimatte iru to be closed, shimatte te form of shimarimasu; close, shut, -te iru expressing the present state
-noni expressing one's regret or disappointment; although, despite, in spite of

2. (Taifuu ga kite iru node, yuuenchi wa Garagara)
a.Futsuu dattara, hito de ippai da kedo, kyoo wa Garagara desu.
b.Itsumo dattara, hito de ippai da kedo, kyoo wa Garagara desu.

taifuu typhoon, taifuu ga kimasu typhoon will come, kite iru be coming
kite te form of kimasu; come, -te iru expressing the present state, -node because, therefore, so
yuuenchi amusement park, garagara empty, nobody, kyoo today
hito de ippai [place] is packed with people (set phrase), hito person, people, ippai full, many

3. Itsumo dattara, kono hen wa takusan yuki ga furu noni,
kotoshi no fuyu wa atatakai kara, zenzen yuki ga furanai.

kono hen around here, this area, takusan many, a lot of, yuki ga furimasu to snow
yuki snow, furu root form of furimasu; fall (rain, snow), -noni although, despite, in spite of
kotoshi this year, fuyu winter, atatakai warm, -kara because, therefore, so
zenzen (+ negative) not at all, never, furanai nai form of furimasu; fall (rain, snow)

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4. Futsuu dattara, kore wa 5,000-en da kedo, kyoo wa tokubetsu ni 3,000-en desu.

da root form of desu, -kedo but
kyoo today, tokubetsu ni specially, exceptionally

5. Itsumo dattara, koko kara Fujisan ga mieru kedo, kyoo wa kumotte iru kara, mienai.

koko kara from here, koko here, -kara from
Fujisan Mt. Fuji, mieru root form of miemasu; can see, be visible, be in sight, -kedo but
kyoo today, kumotte iru to be cloudy, -kara because, therefore, so
kumotte te form of kumorimasu; get cloudy, -te iru expressing the present state
mienai nai form of miemasu; can see, be visible, be in sight

6. Futsuu dattara, sugu takushii ga kuru noni, kyoo wa ame da kara, nakanaka konai.

sugu easily, soon, in a short time, takushii taxi, kuru root form of kimasu; come
-noni although, despite, in spite of
kyoo today, ame rain, da root form of desu, -kara because, therefore, so
nakanaka (+ negative) not easily, have a hard time doing (catching a taxi), konai nai form of kimasu; come

In this context, takushii refers to "empty taxi, vacant taxi".

7. Koko wa Asakusa.
Futsuu dattara, kankoo-kyaku ga takusan iru kedo,
Shingata Korona-uirusu no eikyoo de daremo inai.

koko here, Asakusa place name in Tokyo
kankoo-kyaku tourist, kankoo [sv] tourism, sightseeing
takusan many, a lot of, iru root form of imasu; be at, thre is, -kedo but
Shingata Korona-uirusu new coronavirus (COVID-19), shingata new model, new type, uirusu virus
[A] no eikyoo de due to (the influence of) [A], because of (the influence of) [A]
eikyoo [sv] influence, effect, affect, -de cause marker; by, because of, from, due to
daremo inai there is nobody, thre is no one, inai nai form of imasu; be at, there is

Quizzes

A. Choose the appropriate word.

1.
Futsuu dattara, nichi-yoobi aite iru

noni

, kyoo wa shimatte iru.
node noni nowa
2.
Itsumo dattara,

takusan

yuki ga furu kedo, kotoshi wa

zenzen

furanai.
zenzen garagara takusan
3.
Futsuu dattara, takushii wa

sugu

kuru noni, kyoo wa

nakanaka

konai.
nakanaka sugu
4.
Futsuu dattara, hito de ippai da kedo, taifuu

no eikyoo de

kyoo wa garagara desu.
wa eikyoo de no eikyoo de no eikyoo kara

nichi-yoobi Sunday, aite iru to be open, be available, shimatte iru to be closed
-noni expressing one's regret or disappointment; although, despite, in spite of
takusan many, a lot of, yuki ga furu to snow, -kedo but
kotoshi this year, zenzen (+ negative) not at all, never, garagara empty, nobody
takushii taxi, sugu easily, soon, in a short time, kuru root form of kimasu; come
kyoo today, nakanaka (+ negative) not easily, have a hard time doing, konai nai form of kimasu; come
hito de ippai [place] is packed with people, da root form of desu, -kedo but
taifuu typhoon, [A] no eikyoo de due to (the influence of) [A], because of (the influence of) [A]

Practice the following words

Audio 1.futsuu dattaranormally, usually
Audio 2.itsumo dattaranormally, usually
Audio 3.futsuu

ordinary, common, normal(ly), usual(ly)

Audio 4.itsumoalways / usually, normally
Audio 5.yorunight
Audio 6.resutoranrestaurant
Audio 7.ikimasu / ikuto go
Audio 8.Are?Um..., Huh?, What?
Audio 9.aite iruto be open, be available, be vacant
Audio 10.akimasu / akuto open
Audio 11.shimatte iruto be closed
Audio 12.shimarimasu / shimaru

to close, shut

Audio 13.taifuutyphoon
Audio 14.kimasu / kuruto come
Audio 15.yuuenchiamusement park
Audio 16.garagaraempty, nobody
Audio 17.hito de ippai

[place] is packed with people

Audio 18.hitoperson, people
Audio 19.ippaifull, many
Audio 20.kyootoday
Audio 21.kono henaround here, this area
Audio 22.takusanmany, a lot of
Audio 23.yukisnow
Audio 24.furimasu / furuto fall (rain, snow)
Audio 25.kotoshithis year
Audio 26.fuyuwinter
Audio 27.atatakaiwarm
Audio 28.zenzen(+ negative) not at all, never
Audio 29.tokubetsu nispecially, exceptionally
Audio 30.FujisanMt. Fuji
Audio 31.miemasu / mierucan see, be visible, be in sight
Audio 32.kumotte iruto be cloudy
Audio 33.kumorimasu / kumoru

to become cloudy

Audio 34.sugueasily, soon, in a short time
Audio 35.nakanaka

(+ negative) not easily, have a hard time doing

Audio 36.takushiitaxi
Audio 37.amerain
Audio 38.kokohere
Audio 39.Asakusaplace name in Tokyo
Audio 40.kankoo-kyakutourist
Audio 41.kankoo[sv] tourism, sightseeing
Audio 42.Shingata Korona-uirusu

new coronavirus (COVID-19)

Audio 43.shingatanew model, new type
Audio 44.uirusuvirus
Audio 45.eikyoo[sv] influence, effect, affect
Audio 46.daremo(+ negative) nobody, no one

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

futsuu dattara / itsumo dattara
ta form + -tara:if, when

Level 2 Chapter 8

10-ji made aite iru noni / takusan yuki ga furu noni
plain form + -no ni,:despite, in spite of, although

Level 3 Chapter 17

aite iru / shimatte iru / taifuu ga kite iru / kumotte iru
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

taifuu ga kite iru node
plain form + node:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

kotoshi no fuyu wa atatakai kara / kumotte iru kara / kyoo wa ame da kara
plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

takushii ga nakanaka konai
nakanaka + negative:not easily, not readily, have a hard time doing

Common Expressions & Sentences patterns File No. 039a

For your further study

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