Study Japanese Language through the News

Nihon no Dekigoto, Sekai no Dekigoto

Japan News, World News

Lower Intermediate

Shingata Korona-uirusu : Kansen-sha 6-man 5000-nin Toppa
Kuruuzu-sen no Kansen-sha 218-nin

New Coronavirus infection : over 65 thousand infected & 218 on the cruise ship

2020/February/14

Shingata Korona-Uirusu no kansen-sha wa sekai de 6-man 5,000-nin o koemashita.
Shisha wa 1,483-nin ni tasshimashita.

Chuugoku igai no kuni de kansen-sha ga ichiban ooi no wa Nihon.
13-ka genzai, Nihon no kansen-sha wa 252-nin.
Sono uchi, hitori ga kinoo nakunarimashita.

Chuugoku igai no kuni de Nihon wa "Dantotsu" desu.

252-nin no uchi, 218-nin wa Yokohama no Kuruuzu-sen no Jookyaku-Jooin desu.
Fune wa Heisa-teki na kankyoo desu kara, kansen shi-yasui desu.

Kuruuzu-sen ni wa jookyaku-jooin 3,700-nin ga notte imasu.
Kuruuzu-sen no kansen-sha wa mada fueru kanoosei ga arimasu.

See Shingata Korona-uirusu : Kuruuzu-sen no 61-nin Kansen (February/07)

Saiwai, Shingata Haien no Chishi-ritsu wa amari takakunai desu.
Chuugoku no Bukan no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 4% desu.
Demo, sore igai no chi'iki no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 0.17% desu.

SARS no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 10%, Infuruenza no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 0.1%.
Shingata Haien no Chishi-ritsu wa Infuruenza yori, sukoshi takai teido desu.

See Shingata Korona Uirusu "Hito kara Hito ni Kansen" Kakunin (January/24)

2-gatsu 14-ka Genzai (as of February/14)

China & 27 countries/regionsCasesDeaths
Total65,2131,486
--中国ChuugokuChina64,6271,483
1日本(クルーズ船)Nihon (kuruuzu-sen)Japan252 (218)1
2シンガポールShingapooruSingapore580
3香港HonkonHong Kong531
4タイTaiThailand330
5韓国KankokuSouth Korea280
6マレーシアMareeshiaMalaysia190
7台湾TaiwanTaiwan180
8ドイツDoitsuGermany160
9ベトナムBetonemuVietnam160
10オーストラリアOosutorariaAustralia150
11米国BeikokuUSA140
12フランスFuransu France110
13マカオMakaoMacao100
14英国EikokuUK90
15アラブ首長国連邦Arabu Shuchookoku RenpooUAE80
16カナダKanadaCanada70
17イタリアItariaItaly30
18フィリピンFiripinPhilippines31
19インドIndoIndia30
20ロシアRoshiaRussia20
21スペインSupeinSpain20
22ネパールNepeeruNepal10
23カンボジアKanbojiaCambodia10
24ベルギーBerugiiBelgium10
25フィンランドFinrandoFinland10
26スウェーデンSu'ueedenSweden10
27スリランカSurirankaSri Lanka10

Practice Each Sentence

Shingata Korona-uirusu : Kansen-sha 6-man 5000-nin Toppa
Kuruuzu-sen no Kansen-sha 218-nin

shingata Korona-uirusu new coronavirus, kansen-sha infected person
toppa [sv] break through, exceed, pass, kuruuzu-sen cruise ship

1. Shingata Korona-Uirusu no kansen-sha wa sekai de 6-man 5,000-nin o koemashita.

shingata Korona-uirusu new coronavirus, shingata new model, new type, uirusu virus
kansen-sha infected person, kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease, -sha person, people
sekai de in the world, -de place marker; in, at, koemasu to exceed, pass
roku-man-go-sen-nin 65,000 people, -man ten thousand, -nin counter for people

2. Shisha wa 1,483-nin ni tasshimashita.

shisha dead person, the dead, the death toll, tasshimasu to reach, come up to
sen-yon-hyaku-hachi-juu-san-nin 1,483 people

3. Chuugoku igai no kuni de kansen-sha ga ichiban ooi no wa Nihon.

Chuugoku China, [A] igai no [B] [B] except [A], [B] other than [A]
kuni country, -de place marker; in, at
kansen-sha infected person, kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease
ichiban No.1, most, -est, ooi many, a lot
-no representing an object which is already given; "kuni "country" here

4. 14-ka genzai, Nihon no kansen-sha wa 252-nin.

juuyokka 14th. of the month, -genzai as of (time)
kansen-sha infected person, kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease
ni-hyaku-go-juu-ni-nin 252 people

5. Sono uchi, hitori ga kinoo nakunarimashita.

sono uchi among them, out of, hitori one person, kinoo yesterday
nakunarimasu to die, pass away (formal)

6. Chuugoku igai no kuni de Nihon wa "Dantotsu" desu.

Chuugoku China, [A] igai no [B] [B] except [A], [B] other than [A]
kuni country, -de place marker; in, at, dantotsu by far the best/top, second to none (common expression)

The common expression Dan-Totsu is from Danzen + Toppu "definitely" + "top"

7. 252-nin no uchi, 218-nin wa Yokohama no Kuruuzu-sen no Jookyaku-Jooin desu.

-no uchi among them, out of, Yokohama place name / Yokohama City (harbor)
kuruuzu-sen cruise ship, jookyaku passenger, jooin crew
ni-hyaku-go-juu-ni-nin 252 people, ni-hyaku-juu-hachi-nin 218 people

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8. Fune wa Heisa-teki na kankyoo desu kara, kansen shi-yasui desu.

fune ship, boat, heisa-teki [na] exclusive, closed, heisa [sv] close, shut, lockout
kankyoo environment, -kara because, therefore, so, kansen [sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease
shi-yasui easy to do, easily do, -yasui (stem +) easy to do, easily do

9. Kuruuzu-sen ni wa jookyaku-jooin 3,700-nin ga notte imasu.

kuruuzu-sen cruise ship, jookyaku passenger, jooin crew
notte imasu to be on, be on board, notte te form of norimasu; ride, get on, go on board
-te imasu expressing progressive or state
san-zen-nana-hyaku-nin 3,700 people

10. Kuruuzu-sen no kansen-sha wa mada fueru kanoosei ga arimasu.

kuruuzu-sen cruise ship, kansen-sha infected person
mada still, fueru root form of fuemasu; increase
kanoosei ga arimasu there is a possibility that, be likely to do, it could happen
kanoosei potential, possibility, arimasu there is, to have

11. Saiwai, Shingata Haien no Chishi-ritsu wa amari takakunai desu.

saiwai fortunately, luckily, Shingata Haien new pneumonia
shingata new model, new type, haien pneumonia
chishi-ritsu fatality rate, death rate, ritsu rate, %
amari (+ negative) not very, not much, not so, takakunai nai form of takai; high

The disease from new coronavirus is called Shingata Haien in Japanese.

12. Chuugoku no Bukan no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 4% desu.

Chuugoku China, Bukan Wuhan, chishi-ritsu fatality rate, death rate, ritsu rate, %
yaku approximately, about, nearly, yon-paasento 4%

13. Demo, sore igai no chi'iki no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 0.17% desu.

demo however, but, [A] igai no [B] [B] except [A], [B] other than [A], chi'iki region, area
chishi-ritsu fatality rate, death rate, yaku approximately, about, nearly
rei-ten-ichi-nana-paasento 0.17%, ten dot, point, decimal point

14. SARS no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 10%, Infuruenza no Chishi-ritsu wa yaku 0.1%.

SARS (saazu) SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome), chishi-ritsu fatality rate, death rate
yaku approximately, about, nearly, jupaasento 10%
infuruenza influenza, flu, rei-ten-ichi-paasento 0.1%

15. Shingata Haien no Chishi-ritsu wa Infuruenza yori, sukoshi takai teido desu.

Shingata Haien new pneumonia, chishi-ritsu fatality rate, death rate, infuruenza influenza, flu
[A] wa [B] yori takai [A] is higher than [B], -yori comparative pattern; more than / less than
sukoshi takai teido a little higher, sukoshi a little, a few, a bit, takai high, tall, expensive
teido level, degree

Practice the following words

Audio 1.shingata korona-uirusunew coronavirus
Audio 2.shingatanew model, new type
Audio 3.uirusuvirus
Audio 4.shingata haiennew pneumonia
Audio 5.haienpneumonia
Audio 6.kansen-shainfected person
Audio 7.kansen

[sv] infect, be infected, catch a disease

Audio 8.sekaiworld
Audio 9.koemasu / koeruto exceed, pass
Audio 10.toppa[sv] break through, exceed, pass
Audio 11.shisha

dead person, the dead, the death toll

Audio 12.tasshimasu / tassuruto reach, come up to
Audio 13.ChuugokuChina
Audio 14.-igai noexcept, other than
Audio 15.kunicountry
Audio 16.ichibanNo.1, most, -est
Audio 17.ooimany, a lot
Audio 18.genzaipresent, current, now / as of (time)
Audio 19.sono uchiamong them, out of
Audio 20.hitorione person
Audio 21.kinooyesterday
Audio 22.nakunarimasu / nakunaru

to die, pass away (formal)

Audio 23.shinimasu / shinuto die (general)
Audio 24.dantotsu

by far the best/top, second to none

Audio 25.kuruuzu-sencruise ship
Audio 26.Funeship, boat
Audio 27.heisa-teki[na] exclusive, closed
Audio 28.heisa[sv] close, shut, lockout
Audio 29.kankyooenvironment
Audio 30.jookyakupassenger
Audio 31.jooincrew
Audio 32.notte imasuto be on, be on board
Audio 33.norimasu / noruto ride, get on, go on board
Audio 34.madastill
Audio 35.fuemasu / fueruto increase
Audio 36.kanooseipotential, possibility
Audio 37.arimasu / aruthere is, to have
Audio 38.saiwaifortunately, luckily
Audio 39.chishi-ritsufatality rate, death rate
Audio 40.ritsurate, %
Audio 41.takaihigh, tall, expensive
Audio 42.demohowever, but
Audio 43.chi'ikiregion, area
Audio 44.yakuapproximately, about, nearly
Audio 45.SARS (saazu)

SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)

Audio 46.Infuruenzainfluenza, flu
Audio 47.sukoshia little, a few, a bit
Audio 48.teidolevel, degree

Functional patterns used in the sentences (Chapter numbers are from Building Up Conversation)

kansen-sha ga ichiban ooi
-de ichiban + adjective:expressing the superlative; most, -est

Level 1 Chapter 13

fune wa heisa-teki na kankyoo desu kara
plain form + kara:expressing a reason or a cause; because, therefore, so

Level 2 Chapter 3

kansen shi-yasui
verb stem + -yasui and -nikui:easy to do, easily do, comfortable to do & difficult to do

Level 3 Chapter 9

3,700-nin ga notte imasu
verb te form + -te imasu:expressing the progressive, a state of being or a habitual action

Level 2 Chapter 4

fueru kanoosei
phrase + noun:Noun Modifier

Level 2 Chapter 13

Infuruenza yori, sukoshi takai
-yori, (-no hoo ga):comparison - more than / less than

Level 1 Chapter 13

For your further study

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