First step to learning Japanese

Step 6

Let's learn the sentence with the Japanese verbs.
Here, we introduced ikimasu which means "to go".

Watashi wa   ashita   Kyoto ni   ikimasu

(Watashi wa) Ashita Kyoto ni ikimasu.

I will go to Kyoto tomorrow.

Susan-san wa   senshuu   Nihon ni   ikimashita

Susan-san wa senshuu Nihon ni ikimashita.

Susan went to Japan last week.

Grammar Notes

Ashita means "tomorrow". Senshuu means "last week".

Ikimasu is a verb meaning "go".
Ikimashita is the past tense of ikimasu.

Ni is a particle. This particle is basically used to indicate an indirect object.
Put simply, here, the particle ni indicates the direction of going.
The word followed by ni is the destination.

The word order is [subject] wa [time] [destination] ni ikimasu.
When the subject is "I" or "You", it is normally omitted.

The Japanese verb comes at the end of the sentence and conjugates to show the present or the past tense as well as the affirmative and the negative.
See the table below.

  Affirmative Negative
non-past iki-masu iki-masen
Past iki-mashita iki-masendeshita

Practice 1

Let's practice the following words.


senshuulast week  
konshuuthis week  
raishuunext week


kaishacompany, office

byooinhospital, clinic

Practice 2

Let's make sentences and speak it.

(Watashi wa) Ashita Kyoto ni ikimasu.
 I will go to Kyoto tomorrow.

(Watashi wa) Raishuu Tokyo ni ikimasu
 I will go to Tokyo next week.

(Watashi wa) Kyoo gakkoo ni ikimasu.
 I'm going to (my) school today.

(Watashi wa) Ashita kaisha ni ikimasen.
 I'm not going to (my) office tomorrow.

Tanaka-san wa kinoo byooin ni ikimashita.
 Tanaka-san went to a clinic yesterday.

Let's ask your Japanese friend "Where are you going on Sunday?"

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